Medical practice all over the world is guided by several fundamental principles. These principles form the basis for ethics and values to be followed by health care practitioners. The most basic are; non-maleficence, beneficence, autonomy and justice.
The ethics taught by the principle of non-maleficence require that a medical practitioner must weigh any medical intervention in terms of the harm it may possibly do before taking action. The basis of this principle is that If the risk is obvious, the action should not be taken. This principle comes in handy in situations where the chance of benefit is low but the risk is obvious. It is informed by the philosophy that a human act may be well intended but in a strange twist of events it may result in unwanted consequences.
All medical practitioners are morally obliged to the principle of beneficence. They should take it as their duty to dedicate their actions to the benefit of the deserving. They are supposed to act in the absence of selfishness of any kind. Helping others to further their legitimate interests is the good virtue advocated by this principle. Medical practitioners must do all they can to prevent or remove any possible harms that may occur to others.
The health care practitioner is obliged to exercise the principle while in the duty of providing healthcare. They should ensure that all the available resources are distributed in a fair manner. Effort must be made to distribute the resources equally, however little and rare they may be.
It is the ethical duty of all medical practitioners to exercise the principle of autonomy. They have an obligation to give people a chance to choose and they also have a duty to respect all persons. They should allow and promote self rule and allow people to make decisions on themselves concerning the things that touch on their lives.