Music

Section II- True or False: Respond with True or False
1.The lute was a wind instrument played in the Renaissance Era
2. Gregorian chant was used for worship in a church setting
3. Church modes are the same as major and minor scales
4. An aria is a solo sung in an opera
5. Beat can be subdivided into different groupings, including groups of 2, 3, and 4
6. A typical symphony composed in the Classical Era contains 5 movements

Section III- Matching A: Match the description of the composer, write the correct letter by the composer’s name.
Composers:
1. Hildegard of Bingen
2. Guillaume de Machaut
3. Giovanni Palestrina
4. John Dowland
5. Claudio Monteverdi
6. Antonio Vivaldi
7. J.S. Bach
8. George Frederic Handel
9. Joseph Haydn
10. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
11. Ludwig Van Beethoven
Descriptions
a. French composer from the Middle Ages, composed mostly secular music for royal families
b. German composer from the Classical Era, worked successfully as a freelance composer and was respected by nobility, most popular for his

symphonies.
c. English composer from the Renaissance Era, composed lute songs, melancholy music
d. Italian composer from the Baroque Era, known for solo concertos and violin pieces, composed for an orphanage
e. German female composer from the Middle Ages, composed for the church
f. German composer from the Baroque Era, wrote secular and sacred music to please God, known for developing the fugue
g. Italian composer form the Renaissance Era, composed music for the Catholic church, composed masses
h. German composer from the Classical Era, spent most of life composing for a court, most known for his symphonies and string quartets
i. German composer from the Baroque Era, most known for composing English oratorio
j. Italian composer from the Baroque era, composed for church and courts, known for early opera masterpiece
k. Austrian composer from the Classical Era, did not want to be a servant, attempted to works as a freelance musician but was not

successful, wrote over 600 compositions in all genres
Matching B: Musical Terms and Forms- match the term with the definition. Write the correct letter by the term.
Terms
1. ABA
2. Timbre
3. Syncopation
4. Fugue
5. Concerto
6. Ritornello
7. Rondo
8. Tutti
Definitions
a. A musical form that alternates between the soloist and the larger ensemble
b. An Italian term meaning all; the full orchestra plays
c. A polyphonic composition based on a main theme. Throughout the work different melodic lines imitate the theme.
d. Form that consists of a statement, contrast, return of statement.
e. A rhythmic device used to put emphasis on a weak beat or on a part of the beat that is unexpected
f. Composition for instrumental soloist and an orchestra.
g. Compositional form featuring a main theme that returns several times in alternation with other themes.
h. The term used to describe the quality of a sound

Section IV- Short Answers: Please answer the questions below

Identify four brass instruments

Identify four woodwind instruments

How was the Baroque Era different from the Renaissance era?

What three keyboard instruments preceded the piano?

What impact did the invention of the printing press have on music?

What are the three main section of the sonata form?

What important aspect of music is not included in Medieval notation?

What is the difference between sacred and secular music?
What is the difference between an opera and an oratorio?

List the three main musical textures discussed in class and explain how they differ

Define ostinato. What two musical examples were used to demonstrate the ostinato technique?

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