Culture & Psychology

Read thiis article:
Matsumoto, D. R., & Juang, L. (2008). Culture & Psychology: People Around the World, Chapter 1: Defining Culture. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth

Answer the following questions:

MULTIPLE CHOICE (1 point possible)
Intergenerational transmission of culture is said to take place primarily in which of the following societal institutions?

Family Peers School Media

When culture is described as a syndrome?

It is possible to analyze culture to its constituent parts It is possible to understand how the different complementary aspects of culture (e.g., different rules) work together It is possible to critique culture based on its function None of the above

Cultural values…

Are shared by a majority of people Can change over time Can be harbored in different ways by different individuals All of the above

Culture is thought to be adaptive because…

It ensures survival of the fittest members of the group It ensures the survival of all members It engenders cooperative behavior through designation of roles It ensures the survival of all members and it engenders cooperative behavior through designation of roles

WRITTEN RESPONSE QUESTIONS

Why is the family deemed to an important institution where cultural values are learned by the younger generation? Explain?
Are cultural values, rules, and norms necessarily adaptive? Why? How is it possible to assess the adaptiveness of culture? Provide Examples.
Compare and contrast the conceptions of culture as a system and culture as a syndrome. Which approach do you support and why?
What other factors, categories, or social phenomena can be confused and confounded with or mistaken for culture? Explain.

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